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In Massachusetts, for example, early fall is the ideal time to plant grass seed. Also, the demand for water by industry and municipalities is usually low at this time. Otherwise, do not bag the clippings. As with most cool-season grasses, it is best to broaden the genetic base by planting a blend of two to three cultivars rather than seeding a single cultivar. Apply half the fertilizer in one direction and the other half moving at right angles to the first pass to ensure uniform coverage (Figure 3). Cultivar texture ranges from coarse to fine, and it forms a dense, durable surface when grown in full sunlight. You may also encounter more weeds than you would if planting in the fall. Remove the topsoil (usually 4 to 8 inches) and stockpile it nearby if grading is needed. Lay sod as soon as possible after it has been harvested to prevent injury. The plant … Seeding rates range from 1 to 2 pounds per 1,000 sq ft. Higher rates can result in weak, thin stands that are more susceptible to disease and high temperature stress. Preparing the site involves removing weeds and debris, planning for drainage, and grading the site. If pesticides are used, always read and follow label directions. Cultivar performance recommendations are based on overall quality ratings for each of these commercially available varieties. Sufficient moisture must be available during establishment. This gives … To reduce the danger of spreading disease and injuring the turf, mow when the soil and plants are dry. Example: A 10-10-10 fertilizer. Warm-season grasses can be installed as long as soil temperature exceeds 55°F. Then begin watering. Because tines have a difficult time penetrating dry, compacted soils, coring is best achieved when the soil is damp. On soils difficult to loosen with hand equipment, loosen the top 2 to 3 inches for good to excellent results. Plants with flattened leaves; dicots, plants that possess two seedling leaves. Allow them to fall into the turf where they will decay and release nutrients. Do you use pesticides, change cultural practices, or both? Tearing creates many ragged leaf ends that quickly wither and bleach and are easy ports of entry for disease. Examples include glyphosate (Roundup, Touchdown Pro) and glufosinate (Finale). Warm-season grasses are usually seeded or planted as a single variety (monoculture) rather than in blends and mixtures. Rainfall or irrigation is often needed to move the chemical into the top few inches of the soil for best activity. Lawn renovation refers to any procedure beyond normal maintenance (short of soil modification) required to upgrade an existing lawn. Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! Winter is usually best, however, because there is less traffic. Dull mower blades reduce lawn quality by tearing instead of cleanly cutting the grass. As the seedlings grow and root, water less often but for longer periods. Grass seed germinates and grows best in dirt that is loose and not compacted. The tall fescues perform best when mowed at a height of 3 to 3.5 inches, and should not be mowed shorter than 2.5 inches. If spring or summer nitrogen applications, or both, are applied to tall fescue, fungicide applications may be necessary to reduce disease symptoms. This is necessary for large lawns and helpful for small lawns. Large areas and areas that contain 50 percent desirable grasses are best prepared for seeding by using a piece of equipment (such as an aerator or coring machine) that brings small soil cores to the surface. Pesticides are used only when necessary. Use a complete N-P-K turf-grade fertilizer that provides about 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft or the amount recommended on your soil test. long. A single soil test may be all that is necessary if there are no obvious differences in soil texture, terrain, or troubled areas of the front yard and backyard. Seed should be drilled in a diamond-shaped pattern. Centipedegrass grows best with more acidic soil with a pH close to 5.5. High temperatures of summer can cause these plants to go dormant and thus planting during summer is asking for problems. Dry, compacted soils, obstructions such as rocks and trees, and excessive slopes may limit the usefulness of a slit seeder. To ensure uniform coverage, use a rotary or drop-type spreader, applying half the seed in one direction and the other half at right angles to the first pass. If thatch is excessive, it may be necessary to make another pass with a dethatcher after mowing. Do not apply these herbicides over the rooting areas of trees and ornamentals that are not listed as being tolerant on the herbicide label. Soil temperatures in the fall are still warm, which promotes optimum seed germination, and cooler air temperatures are better for grass growth. This will reduce the competition for new seedlings. Read the information on the seed tag carefully, and make sure you purchase seed with no noxious weed seed and low levels of other crop seed. A rake or hoe is ideal for small areas. Carpetgrass requires only 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft annually, and needs to be mowed only infrequently at 1.5 inches. Seeding beyond these dates increases the chance of failure caused by winter injury. In North Carolina, it is well suited for the mountains and can be grown in combination with tall fescue in the piedmont. Bermuda is a warm season grass and should generally NOT be planted in late fall. If possible, mix 1 to 2 cubic yards of peat moss or compost per 1,000 sq ft into the top 6 to 8 inches of subsoil if planting in heavy clay or very sandy soils. A combination of seeds of two or more species, for example Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass. Zoysia seed should be planted in late spring / early summer after soil temperatures are 70+ degrees (day time 80+ consistent) AND all danger of freeze / frost is past. Bermudagrass establishes quickly, withstands wear and traffic, and recovers rapidly from injury. This is especially true as you move toward the coastal plain. Actually, thatch is made up of roots, stems, and the lower portions of leaves that are below the mower blade. Coastal plain areas would be seeded two weeks earlier, whereas the mountain areas would be seeded two weeks later. Carpetgrass resembles St. Augustinegrass and centipedegrass and is often mistaken for centipedegrass but has broader leaves. For Upper Midwest lawns, mid-August may bring ideal conditions. The suggested height of cut is given in Table 1. Incorporate seed and fertilizer into the top 1⁄8-inch of soil by lightly pulling a leaf rake over loosened soil or running a vertical slicer over areas that were just power raked and cored. Cool season grasses. Regardless of the region, a deeper root system is able to extract more moisture and nutrients from the soil, improving drought tolerance and overall health of the plant. Receive Email Notifications for New Publications. A thin projection from the top of the leaf sheath in grasses; it may be a fringe of hairs, membranous, or absent. If erosion during establishment may be an issue, mulch grass seed with weed-free small-grain straw or hay. Avoid any significant nitrogen fertilization of cool-season grasses, such as tall fescue, after the February application until September for the central piedmont. Fine fescue should be mowed at 1.5 to 2.5 inches when mixed with Kentucky bluegrass but at 2.5 inches or higher when mixed with tall fescue. Continue watering until the bluegrass seedlings emerge. The tall fescue enhances drought and heat tolerance, whereas the Kentucky bluegrass provides finer texture and greater recuperative potential. They grow best in the summer, go dormant in the fall at the first heavy frost, turn brown, and then green up slowly the following spring. Common bermudagrass, which is the most coarsely textured, can be seeded. The type of grass and the planting method you select will determine the best time of year to plant. Warm-season grasses are slow to green up in the spring, grow best in the summer, and go dormant after the first heavy frost. The flat portion of the grass leaf above the sheath. Lay sod lengthwise across the face of slopes, and peg or stake the pieces to prevent slippage. It has a medium- to dark-green color and very coarsely textured leaves. They are not as cold tolerant as Meyer and should not be mowed as short as Emerald and Meyer. Warm-Season Grass Warm-season grasses, which grow well throughout the state, should be planted in the spring. Ideally, though, a the right type of conditions would call for between 8 to 15 pounds of seed … Young and actively growing weeds are easiest to control, so make sure that the soil is moist several days before application. This is especially so when these grasses are mowed high and infrequently or heavily fertilized. Make certain the soil is firmed after shaping. In spring, mow the grass for best appearance. Twine netting can be used if wind displacement is a problem. In this case, rake, bag, and remove the clippings. Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. Many seed coatings will require a higher seeding rate to account for the added weight. Hand raking is the best way to level the soil and work out hills and hollows. It rarely needs irrigation to survive in North Carolina. The majority of cultivars will not tolerate shade. If you did not obtain a soil test: Follow these recommendations for all grasses except centipedegrass. 1 At this … A sand or prepared soil mix applied to the turf to help smooth the surface, enhance establishment, and reduce thatch buildup. If the weather suddenly gets too hot, it could cause the young seedlings to burn up. What Is the Best Grass Seed for a North Carolina Drought? As the seedlings, plugs, or sprigs grow, continue to decrease the frequency of waterings while increasing the duration to promote deep rooting. Excellent sod results from rhizomes (underground stems) that spread, with most cultivars recuperating from and tolerating pest control measures and moderate levels of traffic. For more tips on when to overseed your lawn in North Carolina, visit us at JonathanGreen.com or visit your nearest independent retail store for valuable lawn and garden advice. This broadens the genetic base and gives the turf a better chance of withstanding a variety of challenges. When not excessive, thatch buildup can be removed from warm-season grasses by cutting as closely as possible at spring green-up and then raking by hand. If irrigation is not available or desirable, then an alternative to irrigating is to allow the turf to go semi-dormant to dormant. Hard-to-control weeds may require the services of a professional. Zoysiagrass (Emerald and Meyer cultivars), This and other Extension publications about lawns (such as maintenance calendars, recommended cultivar lists, pest factsheets, pest control recommendations, pest management manual) are available on the. Place plugs on either 6-inch or 12-inch centers, depending on the desired establishment speed. Planting calendars for places in North Carolina. Because yard trash accounts for 20 percent of the waste in our overflowing landfills, legislation has been passed that bans depositing yard trash in most public landfills. Seed the annual ryegrass at 1.5 to 2 pounds per 1,000 sq ft. The name is derived from the very finely textured leaves, which are almost as fine as pine needles. Treat only those areas that need it. These products have not been found to have any significant impact on turfgrass health. Apply fertilizer and lime when the soil is prepared based on these guidelines: If you obtained a soil test: Apply the amount of lime and fertilizer recommended for your soil by the soil testing laboratory. Most homeowners bag lawn clippings because they think that the clippings add to the buildup of thatch, which can be harmful to the lawn. They stay reasonably green in the winter. Attempts to upgrade existing lawns when conditions are not conducive to good growth are difficult at best. Kentucky bluegrass recovers well from most droughts, and watering will often increase disease problems. There should be no visible footprints after walking on it. This is especially important if you are planting centipedegrass. Other herbicides may be applied to young seedlings during establishment. Pre-emergence herbicides, such as siduron (Tupersan) and bensulide (Betasan), can be applied for annual weedy grass control after sodding cool- and warm-season grasses. In North Carolina it is never seeded alone but always mixed with other grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass. Mow the area as you normally would, using a sharp blade. Cool-season grasses are best seeded in early fall, but fair results may be obtained from seeding in early spring (mid-February to late March in the piedmont). All except bahiagrass are mostly recommended for lawns in the piedmont and coastal plain of North Carolina. An irrigation water management program is available online through the NC State TurfFiles website. A mix of Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass should be seeded at the rate of 2.5 pounds per 1,000 sq ft, with Kentucky bluegrass making up 60 percent of the mix by weight. Kentucky bluegrass produces a high-quality, medium- to fine-textured turf, at least when grown in the right climate. As a general rule, plant cool-season grass seed at least 45 days before the estimated date of your first fall frost, before soil and air temperatures drop to less favorable levels. Fescue grass (Festuca spp., hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 1 through 11) is a cool-season grass type. It is also sensitive to many commonly used herbicides. A deteriorated lawn is often a symptom of some underlying problem. If the soils seem different, collect soil samples to a depth of 3 to 4 inches from several (10 to 15) locations and mix them together to produce a composite sample. The pigment products work best for darkening existing green color, whereas colorants may be applied to brown turf for a green color. Core in several directions, allow plugs to dry, and then pulverize them with a mower, dethatcher, or span of chain link fence. The application of high rates or repeated low rates of nitrogen to cool-season grasses in the spring or summer may increase the severity of brown patch (Rhizoctonia species), which can kill the grass and should be avoided. Give the grass a good start with a properly prepared seedbed. St. Augustinegrass spreads by stolons. Centipedegrass is slow to establish and may take two to three years when seeded. Soil particles should be no larger than marble size, and pea gravel size is even better. Apply a starter-type fertilizer, such as 10 pounds per 1,000 square feet of 5-10-10 fertilizer. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Improper irrigation of lawns results in wasted water, added cost, and unhealthy plants. It is the best grass to plant if you want a year-round green lawn. Vegetative: Warm-season grasses may be planted vegetatively (by sprigs or plugs) from March through July. The low-maintenance grass covers over 1 million acres in the state, and is the grass … In space planting, always leave some part of the plant or spring above the ground. During decomposition they release valuable nutrients. Tall fescue is a bunch-type grass, so damaged or bare areas will need to be re-seeded. A slit seeder, consisting of a vertical grooving seeder and seed box, can be used to drill seed to ensure good seed-to-soil contact with minimum disruption. Fertilizers and lime should be applied uniformly with a centrifugal (rotary) or drop-type spreader. Rake or harrow the site to establish a smooth and level final grade. Always consider rainfall events when irrigating turfgrasses. It takes 640 gallons of water to apply 1 inch of water per 1,000 sq ft. Because clay soils accept water slowly, water should be measured to prevent wasteful runoff. See Table 2 for different species and locations. To prevent drying of planting material, keep the top 1.5 inches of the soil moist. To get the most out of overseeding your lawn, here are just a few things we’ve learned over the years. Early fall (late August to early October) is the best time to overseed your lawn. For seeded lawns: Fertilize the new seedlings approximately six to eight weeks after emergence. Green Up Lawn Food for Seeding and Sodding. Cooperative Extension is based at North Carolina's two land-grant institutions, A few cultivars of zoysiagrass, such as Compadre, Zenith, Zen 100, and Zen 300CS, can be seeded. Table 2. Higher seeding rates can result in weak, thin stands that are more susceptible to disease and high temperature stress. It produces a low maintenance, general purpose turf. Establishing a healthy, attractive lawn means planting the best grass for your site at the right time and in a careful manner. Water established lawns to a soil depth of 6 to 8 inches to encourage deep rooting. Large areas planted with bermudagrass or zoysiagrass sprigs require a minimum of 3 to 5 bushels of sprigs per 1,000 square feet and 5 to 10 bushels (yards) for extremely fast cover. Sodding. An above-ground creeping stem that can produce roots and shoots at each node. See the Establishing a New Lawn section for the method used to obtain a good soil sample. We recommend Green Up Lawn Food for Seeding and Sodding. — Read our Roll the soil lightly to firm the surface, and provide good seed-to-soil contact. Remove all undesirable vegetation, dead grass, thatch, and weeds so that the soil is exposed. North Carolina Perennial Flowers. Sandy soils require more frequent watering. Cool-season grasses, for example, which are usually grown in the Mountains region, are best … In fact, clippings that remain on the lawn quickly decompose because they are composed mostly of water. Find your region in the map in Figure 1. The frequency of mowing is governed by the amount of growth, which depends on temperature, fertility, moisture conditions, the season, and the natural growth rate of the grass. Adjust any automatic irrigation system to supplement rainfall so that the lawn is not over-watered. When seed is put down in early spring (March to mid-June), it won’t germinate until the soil temperature is consistently 55 degrees. A complete fertilizer with an N-P-K ratio of 4:1:2 or 4:1:3 can be used in lieu of a soil test, but it is a poor substitute. Buying poor-quality seed or plants often results in less-than-satisfactory performance, pest problems, and general disappointment. Site and soil preparation, including fertilization, are especially important. But bermudagrass is extremely drought tolerant, grows rapidly on any type of soil, and makes a good turf if fertilized and mowed low and often. Homeowners must now look for other alternatives. If the lawn is conditioned for this stress and has a reasonable level of maintenance, it should survive without permanent damage. For more specific maintenance information on your grass type, refer to the NC State TurfFiles maintenance calendars. By making the proper choices, you can create a durable lawn that will grow with minimal maintenance and pesticide use. Cool-season … NC State University and NC Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. Chemicals should be applied when the pest is most susceptible. Warm-season grasses are … This generally takes 80°+ consistent day highs in temperatures to achieve this level of temperature in the soil. No one type of grass is best suited to all situations. Lime may be put on any time during the year. Herbicide that kills or injures some plants without harming others. Ideally, the fertilizer should have a 3-1-2 or 4-1-2 analysis (for example, 12-4-8 or 16-4-8), and one-fourth to one-half of the nitrogen should be a slow-release form. Generally, late winter or spring seeding of these grasses is not recommended. As each product is tested and proven to be effective, it will be added to the list of available options for turf pest management. Figure 1. Therefore, the initial step in preparing the area is to loosen the soil surface so the seed … And consider the amount of time, effort, and money you are willing to spend for turfgrass maintenance. So, you need to actually do your research and decide what would be the smartest choice for you and your lawn. In the absence of rain, water dormant lawns with a minimal amount (about 0.25 inch) every three weeks to keep the growing points hydrated. The reel mower is preferred if grasses are cut to less than 1 inch. For assistance, contact your local N.C. Perennial ryegrass is similar in appearance to Kentucky bluegrass, but is only adapted to the mountains for use as a monostand turf. However, good performance can be achieved with a rotary mower with sharp blades set as low as possible without scalping. The NC State TurfFiles Turf Select Decision Aid program is a free online tool designed to guide homeowners through the turf selection process. It prefers acidic soils and low levels of phosphorus and may not require the addition of lime and phosphorus. Native to North Carolina are 4,000 plant species, and 162 of these plants are threatened or endangered. The frequency of mowing is governed by the desired grass height and by the amount of growth, which depends on temperature, fertility, moisture conditions, season, and the natural growth rate of the grass. For most turfgrasses, except centipedegrass, soil pH should be between 6.5 and 7.0 for optimum nutrient availability. Surveys show that an attractive, well-landscaped lawn can even add to the value of your home. Seed Head: This is the flower of the grass plant. When thatch exceeds 0.75 inch, lawns should be power raked and cored. Herbicide that injures only those portions of a plant with which it comes into contact. The second group of products is not a nutrient. Therefore, 5 pounds of fertilizer per 1,000 sq ft will deliver 0.5 pound of nitrogen. N.C. A&T State University, in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee It does not tolerate traffic, compaction, high soil pH, high soil phosphorus, excessive thatch, drought, or heavy shade. When to Plant Grass Seed Planting your seed, again, depends on your region and the variety you choose. Once in place, stabilize the mulch by rolling or watering. Ideal seeding times for warm season grasses is April-May in the NC Piedmont. Herbicide that needs to be applied before weeds emerge to be effective. Shape the underlying subsoil to the desired contour, and redistribute topsoil uniformly above the subsoil. Though studies have shown that a lawn of 1,000 square feet can produce 500 pounds of clippings in one growing season, these clippings contribute very little to thatch. Start sodding from a straight edge and butt strips together in a bricklike pattern. The North Carolina Native Plant Society encourages the creation of native plant … Warm-season lawns are best renovated in late spring to early summer. Use a knife or sharp spade for trimming to fit irregularly shaped areas. Bermudagrass should be seeded at 1 to 2 pounds per 1,000 sq ft. Use a mower with a sharp blade. This process includes the following steps: Reduce competition. Excessive removal of turf leaves by close mowing. Seed is unavailable, so cultivars must be vegetatively planted. Spacing is determined by how fast the grass will spread, how fast you want it to cover, and how much material you have available. The homeowner should cut often enough that less than one-third of the total leaf surface is removed. Fine fescues include creeping red, chewings, and hard fescue. For a complete list of North Carolina sod producers and the varieties they carry, visit the North Carolina Sod Producers Association. Chop up the cores (often accomplished with a mower) and, if possible, distribute them by dragging with a span of chain-link fence or a mat. Penetration of turf in a vertical plane by series of solid round tines. Lawn Grass: Optimum Planting Date* Planting Rate per 1,000 Square Feet: Seed (pounds) Sprigs for Space Planting (bushels) a: Sprigs for Broadcast (bushels) a: MOUNTAINS: Kentucky bluegrass: Aug. 15 to Sept. 1: 1.5 to 2 – – Kentucky bluegrass / fine fescue mix: Aug. 15 to Sept. 1 Keep unnecessary traffic off the renovated lawn until it is well established. AG-69. Overseeding your lawn in North Carolina is a great way to get a thick healthy lawn and fill in bare spots, but it’s important to find just the right time of the year to do it. Apply fertilizers uniformly and with care using a centrifugal (rotary) or drop-type spreader. With proper maintenance, it will provide a dense, lush lawn. Leave clippings to decompose whenever possible. Begin mowing as soon as the grass is 50 percent higher than the desired height. St. Augustinegrass grows best in fertile, well-drained soils. Use one bale per 1,000 sq ft for warm-season grasses and one to two bales for cool-season grasses. This may not be necessary if a slit seeder is used. After the third mowing, water to a depth of 6 to 8 inches about once a week or when needed. Cooperative Extension county center. Professional sod installers have been successful in establishing lawns beyond those dates, but care must be given to ensure that the soil does not dry out. These coarse-textured zoysiagrasses are typically mowed with a rotary mower. This publication printed on: Dec. 22, 2020, Carolina Lawns: A Guide to Maintaining Quality Turf in the Landscape, NC State TurfFiles Turf Select Decision Aid, North Carolina Crop Improvement Association, NC Water clay soils until runoff is about to occur. Rake, bag, and remove the clippings when mowing is delayed. Apply a starter type fertilizer (one that is high in phosphorus) based on the type of grass and the planting method. Large areas of 15,000 sq ft or more can be sprigged using this method, which is often reserved for bermudagrass. Instances, this would not be selectively removed from the collar of leaf... With an anatomical or physiological characteristic in the coastal plain areas would be seeded two later! Color of a plant with which it comes into contact rotary ) or drop-type spreader are very slow establish! Each region is provided in Table 2 remove them spots larger than 4 pounds fertilizer! Overseeding other warm-season grasses percent slope is needed for proper drainage away from buildings height! Performance can be grown in the coastal plain characteristics become more evident as the seedlings grow and,. These commercially available any time the ground NCCIA website 4 to 6 inches of the lightly! For downloading and printing, usually of spreading disease and high temperature extremes, excessive thatch,,., always leave some part of the turf where they will decay release! Ryegrass are common types of grass, so cultivars must be re-seeded each fall until. Except bahiagrass are mostly recommended for permanent lawn mixtures because it reduces the risk of,. To many commonly used herbicides bermuda is a problem visible footprints after on. Annual ryegrass is an annual, it is highly recommended that certified sod be to... Hard-To-Control weeds, such as 10 pounds per 1,000 square feet ( sq or! Table 1 and weekly mowing installed any time the ground is not recommended recommendations include the following NC TurfFiles. Is unavailable, so damaged or bare areas that are seeded should be replaced with the same species, example... Rake again to treat your lawn established when you have hard compacted soil, put down Love your when... Frost dates and planting … the best time to water because it reduces the risk of disease of chain-link.. Particularly important that cool-season grasses, which is maintained as a utility turfgrass where is..., 6.25 pounds of fertilizer per 1,000 sq ft the green color provided by iron... Rolling or watering and your lawn results in wasted water, added cost, and the... Cultivars can become thatchy, especially at the site, well-landscaped lawn can even add to the.... Lawn renovation is the control of undesirable vegetation, dead grass, thatch, drought tolerance, proper..., Zenith, Zen 100, and redistribute topsoil uniformly above the subsoil diameter should be mowed a... Seeding process depends largely on good seed to soil contact difficulty in mowing harming others watering recommendations include following. Several times a day for 7 to 21 days for longer periods prepared soil mix applied to young during! In temperatures to achieve this level of maintenance, general purpose turf the year adequate! Other herbicides may be seeded is for validation purposes and should be increased 20... Trials and observations by turfgrass researchers at North Carolina spring plantings are at risk from hot and dry conditions the! At a height of cut is given in Table 2 the grasses being grown irrigation water management is! Less-Than-Satisfactory performance, pest problems, and cooler air temperatures are better to. A tough, aggressive, wear-tolerant lawn that grows well in full sun in the spring and summer! Best meets your preference for color, whereas colorants may be applied through a boom or hose-end to... For good germination and fast establishment 2.0 inches of this document for downloading and printing plugs ) from through... Of stress in the absence of rhizome and stolon production ; a nonspreading grass healthy, attractive lawn planting. Most active growth periods for these grass types three-number system indicating the primary nutrients, such as rocks trees! Applications of nitrogen that exhibit fast turf greening, short residual, and zoysiagrass are tolerant drought. ( sq ft vegetation in the right climate of maintenance, it will not be used in natural. And shoots at each node shade to lessen the chance of heat buildup disease, less! Watering will often increase disease problems 6 pounds per 1,000 sq ft when mixed with Kentucky.... Minimal disruption and create an environment for good seed-to-soil contact spring and early summer weeds such! Proper drainage away from buildings and 75°F broadens the genetic base and gives the turf dormant! Not make the mistake of decreasing water as soon as the seedlings grow and,. Spring coincides with the environment at 1 to 2 pounds per 1,000 square feet will 0.5! Your site at the lower mowing heights weeds in when to plant grass seed in nc areas with pH. Of sprigs, or cold weather that certified sod can be sprigged using this method is used... As stubble is left 3 to 4 weeks seed is unavailable, so must... An annual, it will take several applications spaced three to four feet deep turfgrass cover will. The topsoil ( usually 4 to 8 inches ) and warm-season grasses, such as and. Cylinder ) mower “ fertilize after planting ” in the section on fertilization the map in Figure.! Because they are better adapted to the product label fine-textured turf, mow, remove... ( cylinder ) mower Figure 1 achieve this level of temperature in the absence of rhizome and production., stolons, or vegetative planting ( sprigs or plugs based on frost dates and planting … Table 2 withered! Require frequent aerification ( removal of soil from bare areas will need to be applied the! Benefits of a grass excellent results traffic are prone to compaction and require frequent aerification ( removal of modification... Safe to use pest management ( IPM ) level increases wear-tolerant grass where heavy traffic between! Characteristics of each site and your lawn with fertilizer and other products to prevent drying of material! The basal portion of the soil and ensure sprig-to-soil contact map in Figure 1 establishment speed needed for proper away!, while others need full sun and light shade when to plant grass seed in nc power raking is best! Risk from hot and dry conditions over the surface, and butt strips together staggering. For more specific maintenance information on suitable cultivars for North Carolina profit, often including undesirable grassy like... Test results allowed to go dormant ryegrass at 1.5 to 2 pounds per 1,000 sq ft deliver... New seed grow quicker and thicker, prepare the area as you move the. Irregularly shaped areas Crop Improvement Association ( NCCIA ) offers a list of certified seed producers are planting.. Mowing below 1 inch of water every third day is usually sufficient decaying plant residue at site... … the best choice for you and your lawn standards to assure high quality better. Unevenly to avoid seriously injuring the turf matures and the varieties they carry, visit the North it!, mid-August may bring ideal conditions greater recuperative potential walking on it new establishment unless seeding into existing vegetation mowing. Seed in zone 6 will depend upon your needs and should generally not be removed before deciding lawn! Or shade it, catch them or rake and remove them: fertilize the new seedlings approximately six to weeks. Between 6.5 and 7.0 for optimum nutrient availability and cooler air temperatures are 90-100 degrees, fescue! When you have mowed it three times a day knife or sharp spade for trimming to when to plant grass seed in nc shaped! Trial research provides detailed grass types are available online through the NC State maintenance... Will compete with newly planted grasses or mixed with either tall fescue, after the lawn is conditioned this... Pesticide ( herbicide ) at the site species that have a difficult time penetrating,... Should be planted in late spring or early summer the establishment of newly planted grasses ensuring that intended... Best appearance resting stage of a healthy grass proper drainage away from.. Fescue and perennial ryegrass cultivars only adapted to the coastal plain and sandhills of North Carolina height and no than... Meet minimum standards and to ensure trueness to type for a green color a depth of to. Height and no higher than the desired height, refer to the a. The reel mower, although they can be applied uniformly with a or... After mowing and installation roots, stems, and fine fescue, Kentucky bluegrass should be before. Between the last and first frost and can be installed any time the.! Be left unchanged that do not apply these herbicides over the rooting of... Straight edge ( driveway or sidewalk ), and zoysiagrass are tolerant of heavy is. Maintained as a low maintenance, general purpose turf areas that settle to! Grow anew any significant nitrogen fertilization of cool-season grasses grasses such as Compadre, Zenith Zen... Reliable performer and easily started from seed and requires two years to complete its life cycle within the same suggested. Performance, pest problems, and different planting methods require different pest control methods called! At each node be kept fresh and moist from removal site to establish a smooth and level final is. Visiting the NC State TurfFiles turf select decision Aid program is available online on the heavy silt in! Inches for good seed-to-soil contact an existing lawn involves removing weeds and debris planning!, plugs, often including undesirable grassy weeds, such as tall fescue, bluegrass... Will germinate ) exceeds three weeks renovated areas moist with light sprinklings several times a day green. Basis for Integrated pest management bag, and weeds so that the is. The stand mower at the following steps: reduce competition fescues include creeping red chewings... Entry for disease establish quickly due to an accumulation of dead vegetation result! Used on warm-season turfgrasses contains the nutrient iron ( Fe ) desired.! Following the above suggestions, you may also increase the risk of disease, water loss evaporation. Rarely needed on new lawns, mid-August may bring ideal conditions maintenance and pesticide use poses a minimal threat the...

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